Democrats all of the sudden have a a lot better likelihood of retaking the Senate in 2020

0
0
Democrats suddenly have a much better chance of retaking the Senate in 2020


Management of the Senate could possibly be inside Democrats’ grasp this November.

A Senate map that after appeared out of attain has grow to be much more aggressive prior to now few months. With former Vice President Joe Biden probably on the high of the ticket because the Democratic nominee for president and a once-humming financial system cratering because of the coronavirus, Republicans acknowledge the political panorama appears to be like a lot totally different.

“It’s a unprecedented flip of occasions,” Republican pollster Neil Newhouse advised Vox. “This isn’t the political atmosphere we anticipated initially of the yr. Issues in politics change fairly rapidly, however the atmosphere’s been turned the wrong way up.”

Democrats must win again a minimum of three seats to reclaim the bulk, however they’re additionally defending Sen. Doug Jones in deep-red Alabama — a state the place President Donald Trump has a 28-point web approval score. If Jones loses, meaning Democrats must win 4 seats and the White Home (the place their social gathering’s vice chairman may vote to interrupt ties within the Senate), or web 5 seats with out the White Home benefit.

General, Senate Republicans are defending extra turf. Republicans have 23 seats (principally in purple states) to defend, in comparison with the 12 Senate Democrats who’re up for reelection.

Even earlier than the coronavirus hit, 4 states appeared extremely aggressive for Democrats: Colorado, Arizona, Maine, and North Carolina. Republicans, in the meantime, are occurring offense in two states: Alabama and Michigan. However now, a number of extra seats are in play for Democrats — together with Montana and a Georgia particular election. Republicans are even frightened about hanging on to seats in Iowa and very purple Kansas if the polarizing politician Kris Kobach wins the Republican nomination there.

“There’s no denying that the Senate could be very a lot in play, and I believe plenty of Republicans are in denial about taking that with no consideration at this level,” Tim Cameron, a Republican strategist and a former chief digital strategist on the Nationwide Republican Senatorial Committee within the 2014 and 2016 cycles, advised Vox.

Senate Majority Chief Mitch McConnell and Majority Whip Sen. John Thune go away after the weekly Senate Republican coverage luncheon in Washington, DC, on Might 12, 2020.
Alex Wong/Getty Pictures

Quite a lot of the identical GOP senators who swept into workplace throughout the Republican wave of the 2014 midterms at the moment are staring down robust reelection battles in states which have quickly diversified prior to now six years. A lot of these senators are making the calculation to stay carefully with President Trump. It could possibly be a dangerous wager, in mild of stark new unemployment numbers and the continuing coronavirus disaster within the US.

“For Covid, I believe Republicans have acknowledged that, for higher or for worse, they’ll be tied to the president,” Jessica Taylor, the Senate and governors editor on the nonpartisan Cook dinner Political Report, advised Vox. “When the financial system was doing effectively, that was a great factor, however now that has tanked.”

The election is principally a referendum on Trump

Republicans had been hoping to make Trump’s impeachment the centerpiece of their assault on Democrats in 2020, however now they admit impeachment is now not registering.

“Impeachment was three or 4 years in the past, it seems like,” Newhouse stated.

As a substitute, the federal government’s response to the coronavirus, the financial system, and Trump’s personal approval score shall be driving each the presidential race and plenty of down-ballot races in November. Covid-19 has already thrown parts of campaigning into disarray. With the virus nonetheless disrupting American life, campaigns are having to rethink the way to fundraise, arrange, and get their message out to voters nearly.

“Everybody’s in uncharted territory right here,” a Republican strategist advised Vox. “I believe coronavirus, the response … would possibly tackle the biggest focus. Proper now there are plenty of issues which can be unpredictable.”

Republican senators could hope anti-Trump voters will break up their tickets, however Newhouse stated with extra folks voting straight social gathering up and down the ticket, the destiny of Trump and plenty of GOP senators could possibly be inextricably linked. Whereas the 2018 midterms have been thought-about a referendum on Trump with out the president being on the poll, Trump is on the high of the ticket this time.

“The destiny of our Senate majority lies in how Donald Trump does in a few of these key states,” Newhouse stated.

Democrats, in the meantime, are planning to run a playbook that was profitable in lots of 2018 Home races: backing average, “pragmatic” candidates and specializing in well being care in the midst of a pandemic that has tens of millions of newly unemployed folks shedding their medical health insurance together with their jobs. Democrats will spotlight Medicaid growth as a difficulty in states that didn’t broaden it, together with North Carolina, Kansas, Georgia, Texas, and Alabama. They’re already going after North Carolina Sen. Thom Tillis (R) for his position in rejecting Medicaid growth when he was main the North Carolina state legislature.

Biden and Democratic Senate candidates alike are hoping disaffected suburban voters who voted for Home Democrats in 2018 will vote blue in 2020 as effectively. And Taylor sees little effort on the a part of the GOP to woo these extra average voters again into the fold.

“I believe that 2018 clearly confirmed there’s some purchaser’s regret,” stated Taylor. “And we’re now not speaking a couple of hypothetical President Trump and what he may do — you’ve seen it in motion. I don’t suppose [Trump] or Republicans writ massive have completed something to get [moderate voters] again.”

With the deluge of reports in an unsure atmosphere, political operatives in each events concede that voters shall be judging the president’s and Congress’s response to the pandemic and getting the financial system up and working this fall.

President Donald Trump speaks throughout a press briefing about coronavirus testing within the Rose Backyard of the White Home in Washington, DC, on Might 11, 2020.
Drew Angerer/Getty Pictures

“Quite a lot of that’s going to be decided in the place we’re at as a rustic dealing with coronavirus this fall,” Cameron stated. “Do these voters belief Trump or Biden extra to deliver us again from this recession that we’re both in or headed towards? It’s so onerous to inform what the political atmosphere goes to be like.”

Right here’s the place the Senate map stands thus far.

Democrats’ 4 greatest alternatives: Colorado, Arizona, Maine, and North Carolina

Colorado

Who’s the Republican? Sen. Cory Gardner, first elected to the Senate in 2014. Gardner reliably votes with Trump and Republicans, though he has break up with the Trump administration on points together with marijuana decriminalization and immigration reform.

Who’re the Democrats? Former Gov. John Hickenlooper and former speaker of the Colorado state Home Andrew Romanoff are vying for the Democratic nomination in a June runoff. Romanoff is working to the left of Hickenlooper, however Colorado political consultants see the favored former governor because the probably nominee.

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report charges this a toss-up. Sabato’s Crystal Ball charges it Lean Democratic.

What’s the background on the race? Election forecasters consider Colorado is Democrats’ likeliest pickup alternative within the fall for one massive motive: The state has grow to be reliably blue since 2014. There’s a Democratic trifecta within the governor’s mansion and state legislature. Colorado is diversifying, its suburban voters are a main demographic for Democrats, and polls present many of those voters don’t like Trump. Immigration and gun management are two massive points in a state that’s residence to immigrants and has seen a number of mass shootings. Hickenlooper is double digits forward of Gardner in current polls and is fundraising efficiently, however the incumbent nonetheless has a money benefit.

Arizona’s particular election

Who’s the Republican? Sen. Martha McSally, who narrowly misplaced her 2018 race to Democrat Kyrsten Sinema. McSally was appointed to fill the seat of the late Sen. John McCain in 2018.

Who’s the Democrat? Mark Kelly, former US astronaut and husband of Gabrielle Giffords, the previous US consultant for Arizona and gun management activist.

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report charges this a toss-up. Sabato’s Crystal Ball charges it Lean Democratic.

What’s the background on the race? Arizona shall be an especially tight race this fall, each Democrats and Republicans inform Vox. As soon as seen as a extra average Republican Home member, McSally tied herself carefully to Trump in 2018 however misplaced her race in opposition to Sinema by a razor-thin margin. Since she was appointed by Arizona’s Republican governor to fill McCain’s seat in 2018, her favorability rankings with voters don’t look nice. Kelly has persistently led polls there by excessive single digits.

Kelly has the monetary assets to get his title on the market; he has been elevating gobs of money to compete within the normal election. He raised $11 million within the first quarter of 2020 and has greater than $19 million money available, in comparison with about $10 million for McSally. That cash will grow to be particularly necessary because the coronavirus forces candidates to wage a marketing campaign on voters’ screens in lieu of in-person occasions. Arizona actually isn’t as liberal as Colorado, however Latino voters within the state could possibly be a power to be reckoned with this fall. And McSally — having misplaced one Senate race — must show she will win this one.

Maine

Who’s the Republican? Sen. Susan Collins, in workplace since 1997.

Who’re the Democrats? Maine Speaker of the Home Sara Gideon is the Democratic Senatorial Marketing campaign Committee-backed candidate. Different Democrats within the combine embody progressive activist Betsy Candy and lawyer Bre Kidman.

Maine Speaker of the Home Sara Gideon talks to the press in her workplace on July 3, 2017.
Brianna Soukup/Portland Press Herald/Getty Pictures

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report and Sabato’s Crystal Ball each fee this a toss-up.

What’s the background on the race? As soon as seen as one of the average Republicans within the US Senate, Collins is going through what could possibly be her hardest reelection but. Her popularity as an impartial senator prepared to interrupt from her social gathering has taken successful within the Trump period — given her vote for a GOP tax invoice and her key affirmation vote for Supreme Courtroom Justice Brett Kavanaugh. Collins is now essentially the most unpopular senator within the nation, based on Morning Seek the advice of, much more so than Senate Majority Chief Mitch McConnell.

Nonetheless, Collins has proved her endurance within the state for many years and shall be robust to beat. She has cruised to reelection prior to now, and Republicans will spend closely to guard her seat. Many Maine voters are fiercely impartial — the state elected conservative firebrand Paul LePage twice as governor. Regardless of Maine going for Hillary Clinton in 2016 and Democrats flipping a congressional district in 2018, there are nonetheless loads of purple areas within the rural, northern a part of the state.

“[She] received in 2008 regardless of Obama successful the state fairly handily, and I believe if something, Sen. Collins has confirmed she’s a survivor,” Cameron stated. “People there aren’t your typical Acela corridor-type liberals.”

North Carolina

Who’s the Republican? Sen. Thom Tillis, elected to the Senate in 2014 and former speaker of the North Carolina Home of Representatives.

Who’s the Democrat? Cal Cunningham, a former North Carolina state senator and veteran.

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report and Sabato’s Crystal Ball each fee this a toss-up.

What’s the background on the race? North Carolina is taken into account a real swing state within the 2020 presidential election and Senate race due to its altering demographics and swing suburban voters outdoors of cities like Raleigh-Durham and Charlotte. Senate races in North Carolina are sometimes razor-thin; Tillis received his seat in 2014 by simply 46,000 votes — or a single share level. A current ballot confirmed a digital tie within the race, with Tillis forward by a degree.

As Tillis carefully aligns himself with Trump, Democrats aren’t simply planning to grab on Tillis’s file within the US Senate, they’re additionally delving into his tenure main the North Carolina state Home, the place he opposed Medicaid growth and was a part of a Republican effort to scale back the state’s unemployment advantages — two issues now hurting North Carolina residents out of labor. Cunningham, an Iraq Warfare veteran, will probably make the race about Trump as a lot as attainable. Republicans say the state remains to be essentially purple.

Republicans’ two pickup alternatives: Alabama and (possibly) Michigan

Alabama

Who’s the Democrat? Sen. Doug Jones, who received a shock victory in a 2017 particular election in opposition to Republican Roy Moore.

Sen. Doug Jones (D-AL) speaks with the press following a vote within the Senate impeachment trial that acquitted President Donald Trump of all fees on February 5, 2020, in Washington, DC.
Sarah Silbiger/Getty Pictures

Who’re the Republicans? Former Trump Legal professional Basic Jeff Periods is working for his previous Senate seat, competing in opposition to former Auburn College soccer coach Tommy Tuberville in a July runoff. Moore, who misplaced to Jones in 2017 after allegations surfaced that he had sexually assaulted a minor, misplaced the Republican main.

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report charges this Lean Republican, and Sabato’s Crystal Ball charges it Doubtless Republican.

What’s the background on the race? The 2020 election is a take a look at of whether or not Doug Jones’s 2017 win was an aberration or a testomony to newfound Democratic energy within the South. The basics of the race clearly favor Republicans; Alabama loves Trump, and the president’s web approval score has been increased there than some other state. Jones is a average Democrat who emphasizes his bipartisan file, but in addition voted to take away the president after impeachment. The GOP is clearly feeling assured now that Moore is now not a component within the race.

“Alabama, so far as I’m involved, is a Republican seat,” a Republican strategist advised Vox. “Roy Moore will not be going to be the nominee, and I believe that was Doug Jones’s solely hope.” Democrats could reduce their losses and put their cash into different, extra aggressive races. They’re not but spending to guard Jones, though the incumbent has out-fundraised each Periods and Tuberville mixed. So far as the Republican main goes, Trump has endorsed Tuberville; clearly, there’s no love misplaced between the president and his former lawyer normal.

Michigan

Who’s the Democrat? Sen. Gary Peters, elected to the Senate in 2014 and a US Home member earlier than that.

Who’re the Republicans? Businessman and veteran John James and former US Rep. Bob Carr. James unsuccessfully challenged Democratic Sen. Debbie Stabenow in 2018.

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report and Sabato’s Crystal Ball each fee this Doubtless Democrat.

What’s the background on the race? James has gotten hype from Republicans for out-fundraising Peters within the first quarter of 2020, however cash alone might not be sufficient to flip the Michigan Senate seat. Peters, a long-serving Home member earlier than being elected to the Senate in 2014, is up for his first Senate reelection. He retains a reasonably low profile in comparison with different senators, specializing in points like well being care and jobs for his Higher Midwest state.

Earlier polls confirmed a probably aggressive race shaping up, however an April Fox Information ballot confirmed Peters main James by 10 factors. Michigan shall be one of the carefully watched states of the presidential election, and that’s positive to trickle right down to the Senate race. Though Trump received there in 2016, the state elected a Democratic governor in 2018 and Biden is main in current polls. And Democrats, for his or her half, really feel Peters’s file of successful his Home races will translate to this seat.

“He’s been by means of robust elections and confirmed he can outperform,” a Democratic strategist advised Vox. “Gary knew this was at all times going to be a troublesome race and walked into the election ready.”

Different Republican pickup alternatives are restricted

Past their probably pickup in Alabama and try and make Michigan aggressive, Republican are taking a look at treasured few different offensive alternatives this yr. In Minnesota, former US Rep. Jason Lewis (recognized for as soon as complaining that it was now not socially acceptable to name ladies “sluts”) is difficult Democratic Sen. Tina Smith after shedding his Home seat in 2018. New Mexico has an open Senate race the place three Republicans are competing within the main, however that state is taken into account pretty blue. Each races are rated Doubtless Democratic by Cook dinner and Sabato.

Democrats’ attain races in purple states: Montana, Kansas, Iowa, and Georgia

Montana

Who’s the Republican? Sen. Steve Daines, elected in 2014. Daines served because the at-large US Home member from Montana earlier than that.

Who’re the Democrats? Time period-limited Gov. Steve Bullock (who briefly ran for president in 2020) and veteran John Mues.

Montana Gov. Steve Bullock speaks on the Iowa State Truthful on August 8, 2019.
Caroline Brehman/CQ Roll Name/Getty Pictures

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report and Sabato’s Crystal Ball each fee this Lean Republican.

What’s the background on the race? With the long-awaited entrance of Montana’s well-liked Democratic governor Bullock, this as soon as long-shot Senate race is definitely aggressive. Montana voted for Trump by 20 factors in 2016, however the state has an impartial streak and reelected Democratic Sen. Jon Tester in 2018, regardless of an all-out blitz Trump launched in opposition to him. Whereas Bullock out-fundraised Daines within the first quarter of the yr, Daines has more cash general and a considerable warfare chest.

“It’s a purple state, nevertheless it’s a really elastic state,” stated election forecaster J. Miles Coleman of Sabato’s Crystal Ball, who thinks Montana is the subsequent likeliest pickup alternative for Democrats, past their “core 4.” In different phrases, there’s an opportunity Montana may go for Trump in 2020 and elect Bullock to the Senate. A March ballot confirmed a useless tie, whereas a more moderen Montana State College ballot confirmed Bullock forward by 5 factors. It doesn’t matter what the result is, the race shall be extraordinarily shut. However Bullock takes the race from being a Republican certainty to an enormous query mark.

Georgia particular election

Who’re the Republicans? Sen. Kelly Loeffler, named to exchange retired Sen. Johnny Isakson in 2019, and Rep. Doug Collins.

Who’re the Democrats? Rev. Raphael Warnock and entrepreneur Matt Lieberman (son of former Sen. Joe Lieberman).

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report and Sabato’s Crystal Ball each fee this Lean Republican.

What’s the background on the race? Georgia is yet one more historically Republican state the place the demographics are slowly getting extra favorable for Democrats. The Atlanta suburbs are attracting plenty of college-educated voters who’re shifting away from the GOP. Add to that, the very rich Loeffler is going through substantial blowback for allegations that she dumped tens of millions in inventory and subsequently purchased inventory in a teleworking firm after being briefed on coronavirus within the Senate (Loeffler stated the inventory gross sales have been made with out her data). Georgia is being hit onerous by the coronavirus, with a minimum of one million folks out of labor earlier than the state opened again up, so Loeffler’s excessive wealth and skill to self-fund could possibly be as a lot of a legal responsibility as it’s an asset.

In a traditional election cycle, a GOP senator may probably survive Georgia’s altering political winds, however there’s an additional sprint of weirdness on this particular Senate election to exchange Isakson. Slightly than a simple Republican vs. Democrat contest, there shall be an all-party main on Election Day. The presence of Doug Collins, a Trump ally within the Home, could possibly be an enormous thorn in Loeffler’s facet. If nobody wins a majority in November, the election may go to a January runoff the place the highest two candidates would compete. The DSCC has endorsed Warnock, the senior pastor of Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church, however Matt Lieberman — the son of former Sen. Joe Lieberman — can be a Democratic candidate.

Georgia

Who’s the Republican? Sen. David Perdue, a former businessman elected in 2014 and a detailed ally of Trump’s.

Who’re the Democrats? Former congressional candidate Jon Ossoff, former Columbus Mayor Teresa Tomlinson, and 2018 candidate for lieutenant governor Sarah Riggs Amico.

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report charges this Lean Republican, whereas Sabato’s Crystal Ball charges it Doubtless Republican.

What’s the background on the race? Perdue’s seat was thought-about much less aggressive than the Georgia particular election with Loeffler, however new polling reveals the race there could possibly be tighter than anticipated. After an early Might ballot from a Republican agency confirmed Perdue main Ossoff by simply 2 factors, following one other Republican ballot displaying Perdue with a 6-point lead, Taylor just lately moved Cook dinner’s score from Doubtless Republican to Lean Republican.

In comparison with Loeffler, Perdue will not be coping with the identical diploma of non-public baggage or a severe main challenger, however he’s going through related dynamics with Georgia’s shifting demographics. The suburbs outdoors Atlanta particularly are a tough spot for the GOP, and gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams’s slim loss within the governor’s race in 2018 spooked Republicans. The Democratic main has but to play itself out, and Perdue has the higher hand. Democrats will undoubtedly must spend and arrange closely in Georgia with a view to make it actually aggressive in November. However the ballot numbers on Perdue’s race are nonetheless value watching.

Kansas

Who’s the Republican? With Sen. Pat Roberts retiring, there’s a crowded Republican main. Former Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach and US Rep. Roger Marshall are the 2 greatest names competing within the August four main.

Who’s the Democrat? Dr. Barbara Bollier, a state senator and former average Republican who switched events in 2018.

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report charges this Lean Republican, whereas Sabato’s Crystal Ball charges it Doubtless Republican.

What’s the background on the race? There’s just one method Democrats could make this open Senate seat in a conservative state aggressive: if Kobach is the Republican nominee. The state of affairs of Kobach successful the Republican main however shedding the final is the stuff of nightmares for Washington Republicans. The Nationwide Republican Senatorial Committee blasted Kobach’s candidacy final summer season, and each Trump and McConnell are nonetheless actively encouraging Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to run (Pompeo, a former Kansas Congress member, has stated he’s not ). However even when social gathering leaders don’t need Kobach to run, Kansas Republicans don’t appear to have purchaser’s regret from his loss within the 2018 gubernatorial election. He’s at the moment the slim frontrunner of the Republican subject, main or tying Marshall in polls.

“Marshall says the fitting factor to attraction to Trump conservatives, nevertheless it appears to be like halfhearted in comparison with Kris Kobach,” stated Patrick Miller, a political science professor on the College of Kansas.

Democrats like what they see in Bollier, a physician and former average Republican within the state Senate who just lately switched events. She’s comparatively free to fundraise and anticipate the Republican main to play itself out. If Marshall emerges victorious, Bollier most likely doesn’t have a lot of an opportunity. But when she’s going through off in opposition to Kobach, she may have a shot at successful; an April survey from Public Coverage Polling confirmed her main Kobach by 2 factors.

“You could be a robust candidate as a Democrat and lose statewide, as a result of it’s Kansas,” Miller stated. “The place we’re after the first, who is aware of. However proper now she’s doing what she must do to arrange for the first.”

Iowa

Who’s the Republican? Sen. Joni Ernst, elected in 2014. Ernst is a veteran and former Iowa state senator.

Who’re the Democrats? Businesswoman Theresa Greenfield (endorsed by the DSCC) and Vice Adm. Mike Franken are the 2 greatest names within the subject.

Democratic candidate Theresa Greenfield speaks with a reporter at a picnic in Greenfield, Iowa, on August 11, 2019.
Caroline Brehman/CQ Roll Name

What are the chances? Cook dinner Political Report and Sabato’s Crystal Ball each fee this Lean Republican.

What’s the background on the race? Ernst — a fight veteran and the primary girl Iowa has despatched to Congress — is up for her first reelection. Republicans see her in a great place, however Democrats are additionally pouring cash into Iowa as they hope to flip it. Whereas Iowa remains to be seen as a reasonably conservative state, Democrats have been in a position to win a few key congressional districts in 2018, and Ernst’s approval score fell 10 factors prior to now yr, based on a current ballot from revered Iowa pollster J. Ann Selzer.

The Democratic main within the Senate race can be aggressive. Whereas the DSCC is all in on behalf of Greenfield, some average Democratic Home members who’re veterans have endorsed Franken, a former Navy vice admiral. A current Public Coverage Polling ballot confirmed Ernst a single level forward of Greenfield, however the Democrat nonetheless has to make it by means of her main.

“I believe you will have the Senate Majority PAC having to spend already on behalf of Greenfield, it’s not a great signal that they’re already spending there to get her by means of her main,” Coleman stated.

Democrats’ tough-to-flip states that also could possibly be fascinating to observe

The remaining races Cook dinner charges Doubtless Republican will all be fascinating to observe however tough for Democrats to really flip. These states embody:

  • South Carolina, the place Sen. Lindsey Graham is going through Democrat Jaime Harrison.
  • Texas, the place Sen. John Cornyn will compete in opposition to both MJ Hegar or Royce West.
  • Kentucky, the place Senate Majority Chief Mitch McConnell is up for reelection and fighter pilot Amy McGrath is raking in tens of millions of {dollars} to see if she will unseat him (McGrath is the largest title out of all 10 candidates within the Kentucky Democratic main).

All of those races will price tens of millions of {dollars}, however the fundamentals in every of the states favor Republicans. McConnell’s race particularly is symbolic to Democrats who intensely dislike the bulk chief. However whereas his primary challenger, McGrath, fundraises spectacular sums of cash, he shall be terribly tough to really beat in a state the place Trump has a 17-point approval score.

At this level, whereas Democrats will surely wish to emerge victorious in any of those states, they’ll probably focus their efforts on the opposite, extra believable paths to a Senate majority they now have on the map.


Assist Vox’s explanatory journalism

On daily basis at Vox, we intention to reply your most necessary questions and supply you, and our viewers all over the world, with info that has the ability to save lots of lives. Our mission has by no means been extra very important than it’s on this second: to empower you thru understanding. Vox’s work is reaching extra folks than ever, however our distinctive model of explanatory journalism takes assets — notably throughout a pandemic and an financial downturn. Your monetary contribution is not going to represent a donation, however it should allow our employees to proceed to supply free articles, movies, and podcasts on the high quality and quantity that this second requires. Please think about making a contribution to Vox right now.



Supply hyperlink

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.